Parnassius (Parnassius) phoebus (Fabricius, 1793)


Russia, Altai
Male: the costal spots of forewing usually without red, the anterior one sometimes with white pupil; submarginal band faint and abbreviated or interrupted ; no spot at hind margin ; hindwing with red ocelli which are usually small, and sometimes with a submarginal row of feebly marked black spots; the veins often marked with well-defined elongate black punctures. Female: with better defined and more extended markings; vitreous margin of forewing separated from the submarginal band by large white uniform spots ; the second costal spots often pupilled red, connected with one another by black scaling, on disc sometimes blackish shadows; on hindwing a greyish vitreous marginal band, distinct submarginal halfmoons, which are contiguous, forming a band, two larger red ocelli, the posterior one occasionally with white pupil; anal spots sometimes intensified and one of them filled in with red.

Habitat
  • Gorges
  • Mountain meadows
  • Rocky slopes
45 - 55 mm
Alpen-Apollo
Hochalpen-Apollo
Phoebus Apollo
Small Apollo
Petit Apollon
Febo
Svájci apolló-lepke
Kleine apollovlinder
Vuoriapollo
Аполлон Феб
ალპური აპოლონი
福布绢蝶

Primary host-plants

FamilyLatin nameVernacular name
CrassulaceaeRhodiola
SedumStonecrop
SaxifragacaeSaxifragaSaxifrage

Secondary host-plants

FamilyLatin nameVernacular name
SaxifragacaeSaxifragaSaxifrage

Synonyms and other combinations

Parnassius clariusEversmann, 1843
Parnassius ariadneLederer, 1853

Known subspecies

SpeciesAuthorLocus typicus
Parnassius (Parnassius) phoebus bajangolusYakovlev, 2006
Parnassius (Parnassius) phoebus chingizidYakovlev, 2006
Parnassius (Parnassius) phoebus halasicusHuang & Murayama, 1992
Parnassius (Parnassius) phoebus sacerdosStichel, 1906
Parnassius (Parnassius) phoebus tsenguunChurkin, 2003outh Mongolia, Gobi-Altai Aimak, 30 km south Biger Somon
Parnassius (Parnassius) phoebus uralensisMénétriés, 1859
Distribution
Images
Adult, upperside.

© Clive Burrows
France, Alps
Adult, upperside.

© Johannes Gillmann
Austria
Adult, upperside.

© Peter Roos
Italy, Val di Peder
Adult, upperside.

© Jason Sargerson
Switzerland
External links